lunes, 1 de octubre de 2007

Caracteristicas del Ambystoma mexicanum



La siguiente es una base informativa de la especie de axolote mas conocida.

Nombre científico: Ambystoma mexicanum

Ubicación: México

Tamaño: Llegan a medir hasta 25 cm.

Características generales: Tiene el aspecto de una gran salamandra de cuerpo rechoncho. Las patas son pequeñas y su cola posee una cresta vertical muy alta que se remonta hasta la parte superior de la cabeza y contribuye a la natación. Además de branquias, posee sacos pulmonares; de vez en cuando, aproximadamente cada dos minutos, asciende a la superficie, llena de aire sus sacos y desciende nuevamente al fondo con el mismo movimiento rápido o dejandose deslizar suavemente. Viven en espejos de agua de poca profundidad.


Ambientación:

Para alojar una pareja, el tamaño del acuario debe ser de, al menos, 70x30x40 cm. El fondo puede estar constituído de arena lavada, piedras de acuario o conchilla.

Si se desea colocar plantas, conviene hacerlo en el centro del acuario ya que los axolotes tienen la costumbre de desplazarse a lo largo de los cristales.

Se puede decorar el acuario también con piedras o caracoles.


Temperatura:

Estos animales no necesitan calefacción en el agua. La temperatura ambiente de entre 18º y 20º C es suficiente. Las temperatura accidentalmente bajas hasta 2º C son bien soportadas. Sin embargo recomendamos evitar sobrepasar los 24º C ya que puede producir la regresión de las branquias.


Limpieza:

Es necesaria una limpieza absoluta: una vez por semana se debe eliminar una parte del agua con los desechos y los excrementos, preferentemente al día siguiente a la distribución del alimento.


Alimentación:

El alimento debe ser distribuido una o dos veces por semana y consiste en pequeños animales acuáticos: artemias adultas, pececitos de alimento, tubiflex, renacuajos de rana, etc. También se pueden ofrecer trozos de carne que se dejarán caer en frente del animal. Cuando ya no quiera más, se deben retirar los restos de carne porque arruinan el agua.


Reproducción:

La madurez sexual la alcanzan al a/o y suelen reproducirse sin problemas en cautiverio.

Otros:

Los axolotes se pueden alojar con peces de agua fría grandes en un acuario lo suficientemente profundo como para permitir a los peces alejarse del axolote que habita el fondo si son molestados.

Se puede colocar un aireador en el acuario para mantener la calidad del agua.

49 comentarios:

Sweety dijo...

Estaba buscando fotos del axalote para poner en mi blog y me he encontrado con el tuyo, es muy curioso :) Te he puesto un enlace desde el mio para que la gente conozca más a este bichito :)

Anónimo dijo...

oye el axolotl no es ningun bichito
IGNORANTE!

Hillary dijo...

Guau! me parece muy interesante este animal, por eso lo elegi para hacer un trabajo hacerca de su reproduccion queria elegir un animal no tan comun para hacerlo curioso y lo hice en plastilina quedo muy chevre.

Anónimo dijo...

Te apoyo anónimo: El ajolote no es ningún bicho!

Anónimo dijo...

Sí el ajolote no es un bicho. IGNORANTE!!!!!

Anónimo dijo...

CASTRATUS!! PIENSA SWEETY.

Anónimo dijo...

Tengo un Axolote pero el otro que tengo no estoy seguro que sea ajolote. Es igual pero parece mas salamandra, considerando que segun entiendo es en si un tipo tambien de salamandra. El otro carece del cabellito o los cuernitos. De ahi en fuera, son muy parecidos. Mi pregunta es, donde puedo enviar mis fotos para que alguien me pueda decir si ambos son ajolotes.

Son de mexico.

Anónimo dijo...

A quien menciona que tiene dos ejemplares y duda si uno de estos es realmente un ajolote:

Conozco muy poco de esta especie, pero si se que una de sus características es que pueden sufrir una metamorfosis en la que pierden las branquias y desarrollan los pulmones, lo que les permite sobrevivir fuera del agua, pocos lo logran debido a que la mayoria muere en el proceso por ser estresante.

Es posible que este sea el caso de tu ejemplar.

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